For this article, scriptural references are taken from the New World Translation (NWT), and the Kingdom Interlinear Translation (KIT) of the New Testament, which are both published by the Jehovah’s Witnesses.
Jehovah’s Witnesses translate the John 1 :1-3 erroneously in order to make Christ into a god, who is lesser than Jehovah God.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god. This one was in the beginning with God. All things came into existence through him, and apart from him not even one thing came into existence.” (John 1:1-3 NWT)
Such a distinction would have been impossible in the original New Testament, because the Koine Greek of the New Testament, like both modern and ancient Hebrew, had no distinction between upper or lower case letters. Also, the Greek has no indefinite article. The context of John’s Gospel, to which we shall return, makes the intended meaning of the text clear.
Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus was a created being through whom God created all other things. They erroneously add the word “other” to their translation of 1 Colossians 1:16.
“He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation; because by means of him all other things were created in the heavens and on the earth, the things visible and the things invisible, whether they are thrones or lordships or governments or authorities. All other things have been created through him and for him.” (1 Colossians 1:15-16 NWT)
The Kingdom Interlinear translation demonstrates that the word “other” does not belong anywhere in the text.
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In the scriptures, the title firstborn frequently means heir. Just one example of many is when David, a youngest child, is described as a first born.
“And I will place him as firstborn, The highest of the kings of the earth.” (Psalm 89:27 NWT)
The title firstborn of all creation is not problematic for Christians who recognize the divinity of Christ because we believe He possesses both a created human nature and an uncreated divine nature. In His human nature, Christ is the heir of all creation. (See Hebrews 1:2 NWT). At the same time, He is the creator and God of all.
Regardless of what Colossians 1 says, let us consider the idea that Jehovah God created all things through “god the word.”
“This is what Jehovah says, your Repurchaser, Who formed you since you were in the womb: ‘I am Jehovah, who made everything. I stretched out the heavens by myself, And I spread out the earth. Who was with me?'”(Isaiah 44:24 NWT)
In the Old Testament Jehovah God says that He “stretched out the heavens by myself.” Yet in Hebrews 1, after scripture again reiterates that all things were created through Christ, Paul applies these words of the Old Testament, originally applied to Jehovah God, to Jesus Christ;
“At the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands. They will perish, but you will remain; and just like a garment, they will all wear out, and you will wrap them up just as a cloak, as a garment, and they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will never come to an end.” (Hebrews 1:10-12 NWT, compare to Psalm 102:24-27 NWT).
So Jehovah says that He “stretched out the heavens by myself” and St. Paul, speaking of Christ, says that the Heavens are, “the heavens are the works of your hands.”
If Jehovah stretched out the heavens by Himself, and the heavens are the works of Christ’s hands, then it stands to reason that Jesus is Jehovah. Jesus cannot simply be an instrument that Jehovah God used to create the heavens, because Jehovah God said He stretched them out “by myself” or alone. He must be part of the very being that acted alone.
Let us return to the Gospel of John 1:1-3.
Jehovah’s Witness publications justify the use of “god” in John 1:3 based on the following;
“Additionally, the word for “god” (Gr., the·osʹ) in its second occurrence in the verse is significantly without the definite article “the” (Gr., ho).”
However, the article “ho” is missing later in the same text, John 1:6, when “theos” applies to Jehovah God. Therefore this grammatical rendering is inconsistent.
John 1 6" width="300" height="77" srcset="http://www.learn-the-faith.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/no-ho-theos-John-1-6-300x77.png 300w, http://www.learn-the-faith.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/no-ho-theos-John-1-6.png 381w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /> Now consider the words at the end of John’s Gospel, spoken by Thomas upon encountering the risen Lord;
“In answer Thomas said to him: ‘My Lord and my God!’” (John 20:28 NWT).
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Thomas, in the Gospel of John, describes the risen Christ as “ho theos.”
The Divinity of Christ is the constant theme of the Gospel of John. Consider John 12;
“Although he had performed so many signs before them, they were not putting faith in him, so that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, who said: ‘Jehovah, who has put faith in the thing heard from us? And as for the arm of Jehovah, to whom has it been revealed?’ The reason why they were not able to believe is that again Isaiah said: ‘He has blinded their eyes and has made their hearts hard, so that they would not see with their eyes and understand with their hearts and turn around and I heal them.’ Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory, and he spoke about him. All the same, many even of the rulers actually put faith in him, but they would not acknowledge him because of the Pharisees, so that they would not be expelled from the synagogue; for they loved the glory of men even more than the glory of God.” (John 12:37-43 NWT)
“Although he had performed so many sings…” refers to Jesus. “All the same, many even of the rulers actually put faith in him,” again refers to Jesus. To Whom is it referring when the text says, “Isaiah said these things because he saw his glory, and he spoke about him.”? The answer is Jesus.
In the quoted section of the book of Isaiah we read;
“In the year that King Uz·ziʹah died, I saw Jehovah sitting on a lofty and elevated throne, and the skirts of his robe filled the temple. Seraphs were standing above him; each had six wings. Each covered his face with two and covered his feet with two, and each of them would fly about with two. And one called to the other: ‘Holy, holy, holy is Jehovah of armies. The whole earth is filled with his glory.’” (Isaiah 6:1-3 NWT)
This text speaks of the glory of Jehovah, and the Gospel of John says this vision was of Jesus. This makes sense, because the Gospel of John previously stated that; “Not that any man has seen the Father, except the one who is from God; this one has seen the Father.” (John 6:46 NWT).
Therefore when Isaiah said;
““Woe to me! I am as good as dead, For I am a man of unclean lips, And I live among a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, Jehovah of armies himself!” (Isaiah 6:5 NWT)
It was not the Father that Isaiah saw, but Jesus Christ.
The context of John’s Gospel makes it clear that Word is Jehovah, the Almighty God.